ARISTOTLE AND PLATO COMPARISON ESSAY – Part 1

ARISTOTLE AND PLATO COMPARISON ESSAY – Part 1

Melissa and Melinda are in a state of confusion on what to be done to Mathews, their brother. Melinda is arguing in a religious point of view while Melissa is stuck on the scientific thoughts about Mathew’s situation. Melissa is deeply concerned with the ultimate realities of the world, according to her, life is controlled by the specific organ in the body, brain and nobody can exist without it unless an individual is artificially supported to live. Melinda, on the other hand, argues that human life is a complex system that extends beyond the physique; according to her, life extends beyond the brain unto the soul, it is the soul that controls what humanly is and consequently, it is the soul that defines the identity and true nature of an individual. Melissa argues that so long as Mathew still exist, even without the brain, he is still human and still have the power to live and controls his natural perception. In the philosophical point of view, different people have different perceptions about life; this solely depends on the belief and social orientation of an individual. In most instances, there are people, who can only view the biological aspect of someone; while on the other hand, there are individuals who may tend to add extra understanding of life in order to support the human nature which most people perceive as precious. Melinda in the above case cannot explain the relationship between the soul and the body while Melissa is able to substantiate the biological point of her argument. To save Mathews, it is necessary for Melinda to apply Plato’s defense of the necessity of the soul and the existence of freewheel, while Melissa should apply the Aristotle philosophical stance to support the idea of life.

Plato applied Socrates decisions express the dualistic understanding of the body and soul. The soul is a separate entity which exists even after death; it is not connected to the physical body organs, it is connected to the thought, intellect, and emotion of an individual. However, even though the body may seize to exists, the souls will still exist forever. In the above case scenario, Melinda should argue in the context of Plato; when Mathew dies, his soul will still linger around, he will not seize to exists, and his spirit will continue to persist. Life starts when an individual is born and continue to exist forever; it is, therefore, true that Mathew will not disappear even if the soul separates from the body.  Plato believes that the existence of soul often arises from the traditional beliefs and faith other than the philosophical reasons. There is a firm hope that the dead still exists; the above ideas have existed right from the antiquity, in most instances, most people have a strong belief in the life after death and there are always many events held in their remembrance. In the above case scenario, according to Melinda, Mathew is suffering from pain and supporting his life by the artificial means will not restore his life.