ARISTOTLE AND PLATO COMPARISON ESSAY – Part 3

ARISTOTLE AND PLATO COMPARISON ESSAY – Part 3

In the philosophical point of view, Plato is a dualist who believes that soul and body are two different entities. The soul is regarded as the immaterial form of human existence that belongs to the “world of the forms.” He believes that soul is part of human existence that characterizes every human being; it is generated by an individual believes in the natural occurrences. The body applies senses to develop opinions concerning the physical world where they belong. According to Plato, the development of the body is dynamic, and therefore, it is not truly real. According to Aristotle, soul and the body are two mutually dependent parts of the human body that support each other. Human existence is characterized by the body parts that operate under different senses as well as the soul that controls their existence. For instance, the movement of the body is controlled by the soul that directs it on what to do unless there is an accident that involuntarily destroys the body atoms. Aristotle further stipulates that without the body, the soul cannot operate as directed and consequently, lack of body organs renders the soul useless; it is, therefore, true that soul and body are interdependent and when an individual dies, they both disappear. In other words, Aristotle is expressing that the two entities, body and soul are entwined; they belong together and cannot exist separately. Plato argues that the morally good part of an individual or perfect form of being exists within the person while Aristotle stipulates that the good form of human being depends wholly on the soul and the orientation of body atoms.

Both Plato and Aristotle agree that mind is the link that connects the soul and the body. Plato argues that soul defines the whole part of an individual while Aristotle relates it to specific organs of the body that are interdependent of each other. According to Plato, the soul is developed according to the experiences in the environment while Aristotle argues that soul is acquired in the process of development, it starts at the early formation of different parts of an individual. According to Aristotle, the soul is an ideal realization or perfect expression of the natural body. In the same note, it can be concluded that there is a close relationship between the physiological processes and psychological states of the body.  Additionally, Aristotle stipulates that human mind or soul refers to the truth of the body, the substance whereby the only body conditions obtain their real meaning[1]. Additionally, Plato argues that soul continues to exist even after death while Aristotle believes that soul seizes to exist after the death of an individual. Plato argues that the portion of the soul that is connected to the body is considered irrational, this is the point where the material for sense exists and it is developed in the course of development and human growth. On the other hand, Plato disagrees with this idea arguing that soul is not connected to the physical world; the physical desires are destructions from the essential human needs.